During GE14 in 2018, BN only won 79 seats and was defeated after 60 years in power, as voters chafed at graft allegations against senior figures.
The opposition Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition and its ally Parti Warisan cumulatively secured 121 seats, winning a simple majority out of 222 seats to form the government.
But the PH government lasted only for 22 months before it collapsed due to infighting. Subsequently, BN returned to power as part of a coalition together with Perikatan Nasional (PN).
An election had not been due until September 2023, but Mr Ismail Sabri Yaakob of BN faced pressure from some factions of his ruling coalition, including Ahmad Zahid, to hold the vote earlier.
Prior to the dissolution of parliament, Mr Ismail Sabri’s government proposed a spending plan involving RM372.3 billion for 2023.
About RM272.3 billion is allocated for operating expenditure and RM95 billion for development expenditure.
Mr Ismail Sabri said that the budget for 2023 will be tabled again before the end of this year.
When unveiling BN’s GE15 candidates last week, Ahmad Zahid omitted the names of several caretaker ministers who are believed to have openly criticised him and supported Mr Ismail Sabri.
Two party stalwarts, Mr Shahidan Kassim and Mr Ismail Abd Mutalib later declared their candidacies under the Perikatan Nasional banner. Mr Zahidi Zainal Abidin and Mr Azhar Ahmad are contesting as independents.
On Monday, UMNO announced that all four of them have been sacked from the party.
Ahmad Zahid has denied forcing BN candidates to sign a letter supporting him as the coalition’s nominee for prime minister.
Source By https://www.channelnewsasia.com/asia/malaysia-election-ge15-bn-ahmad-zahid-manifesto-basic-income-2208-3050376